A number of policy measures "to ensure capacity"
The reduction of iron and steel tons era officially opened.
Li Chong told the "China Economic Weekly" reporter analysis pointed out that in 2015 China's crude steel production capacity utilization rate compared with last year further down to only about 71.5%, with open reduction of the development of the times, crude steel production will continue to decline, "45" during China's crude steel production remained at more than 7 million tons of the scale is the probability of the event, crude steel production compared to 2015 years of decline in less than 1 million tons.
"So Yajian 1 million to 1.5 million tons of production capacity will make capacity Yajian the size of more than crude steel production decreased size, in line with the" opinions "of 'capacity utilization reasonable' qualitative policy objectives, is favorable to the enterprise to enhance the profitability and sustainability. This goal reflects the firm determination of the central to the production capacity." Li Xinchuang said.
It is worth noting is that the "opinions" particularly clear strengthen award fill support, perfecting the taxation policy, increase financial support, good placement of workers and staff, and make an inventory of land resources, such as a series of support the iron and steel industry to resolve the excess production capacity of extricating from predicament and development policies and measures.
"In the tax policy," opinion "or big breakthrough, package is proposed to speed up the iron ore resource tax from the ad valorem, expand the camp to increase the scope to the construction industry, such as five aspects of perfecting the taxation policy requirements, if we can refine the implementation, will be effective in effect." Li Xinchuang said.
In Li Xinchuang's opinion, clearly put forward the establishment of industrial enterprises to adjust the structure of special award for capital, is also a major breakthrough, but the specific to how large is not clear.
The placement of workers, debt disposal cited concern
The steel industry is the key areas to promote the supply side to resolve the overcapacity, structural reform. However, as a typical labor-intensive and capital intensive industries, iron and steel industry capacity to face the placement of workers, debt management, asset verification and other challenges.
"According to statistics of the iron and steel enterprises in the labor efficiency, considering factors exit the labor production efficiency of steel production capacity is relatively low, such as 5 years time recompression reduction crude steel production capacity of 1 million to 1.5 million tons, about a total of 40 million to 50 million workers to be resettled." Li Xinchuang said that the employment situation or social stability especially the location of the exit capacity to form a larger impact.
《意见》明确指出“把职工安置作为化解过剩产能工作的重中之重”，配套成立了工业企业结构调整 专项奖补资金，对地方化解过剩产能中的人员分流安置给予奖补，同时要求发挥企业主体作用与社会保障相结合，采取挖掘企业内部稳岗就业潜力、对符合条件的职 工实行内部退养、依法依规解除终止劳动合同、做好再就业帮扶等措施，确保做好职工安置工作。
"Opinion" clearly pointed out that "the placement of workers as to resolve the excess production capacity of the top heavy", supporting the establishment of the industrial structural adjustment of special awards and subsidies, to resolve the excess capacity of personnel shunt placement given awards complement, also asked to play a corporate body in combination with social security, take mining enterprise internal post steady employment potential, to meet the conditions of the staff and workers to implement internal Tuiyang, in accordance with the law in accordance with regulations lifting of the termination of the labor contract, do a good job in the re employment assistance and other measures, to ensure good job placement of workers.